Alabama World Affairs Council
President Bush, above right, spoke to the 2002 WACA national conference; image courtesy of  Terry Wofford.  The other images are by Jeremy Lewis, from AWAC meetings.
Web hosted by Huntingdon College | Political Science

Biographies of Guest Speakers,

Alabama World Affairs Council

Affiliated with WACs of America

(Compiled from AWAC  by Jeremy Lewis; last revised 9 May '03.)
Later biographies are included with speaker notes.


Fred Bergsten
Robert Gallucci
Donald Gregg
Sir Eldon Griffiths
Lawrence E. Grinter
Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
Jeffrey Record
David S. Sorenson
Martin Walker

May 10, 1999
Dr C. Fred Bergsten
"Globalization and the American economy in the 21st century."

C. Fred Bergsten has been director of the institute for international economics since its creation in 1981.  The institute is the only major research institution in the United States devoted to the international economic issues and has been called “the most influential think tank on the planet.” Its staff of about 50 is conducting about 25 research projects at any given time.

Doctor Bergsten was chairman of the eminent persons group (EPG) Of the Asia Pacific economic Cooperation (APEC) forum throughout the EPG’s. Existence from 1993 to 1995.

Doctor Bergsten was chairman of the competitiveness policy council created by the Congress throughout its existence from 1991 through 1997.

Doctor Bergsten was assistant Secretary of the treasury for international affairs during 1977-81.  He also functioned as undersecretary for monetary affairs during 1980-81, representing the United States on the G-5 Deputies and in preparing the G-7 economic summit at Venice.

During 1969-71, doctor Bergsten coordinated the U.S. foreign economic policy as assistant international economic affairs to doctor Henry Kissinger at the national security council in the white house.

He has authored, co-authored or edited twenty-six books on international economic issues.

Doctor Bergsten testifies frequently before Congressional committees and appears often on television news programs.  He has been cited as a number 37 of the top 50 “Who really move the markets?”  (Fidelity investments worth), as one of the ten people who can change your life (U. S. A. Weekend) and as a possible treasury Secretary (Washingtonians).  Doctor Bergsten has been included in the new American establishment: who runs America?  (U. S. news and world report), and the power elite: the 100 most influential people in Private Washington (Regardies).

Doctor Bergsten was born in 1941.  He received M.A., M. A. L. T. and Ph.D. degrees from the Fletcher school of law and diplomacy.  He received his B.A. summa cum laude and an honorary doctor of humane letters from central Methodist College in Missouri.  He has been married to the former Virginia Wood since 1962 and has one son, Mark, born in 1968 

Ambassador Robert L. Gallucci, Dean, Georgetown University School of Foreign Service

    Robert L. Gallucci began as Dean of Georgetown University's Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service on May 1, 1996.  He had just completed twenty-one years of government service, serving since August 1994 with the Department of State as Ambassador at Large.  In March
1998, the Department of State announced his appointment as Special Envoy to deal with the threat posed by the proliferation of ballistic missiles and weapons of mass destruction.  He held this position, concurrent with his appointment as Dean, until January 2001.

    Dr. Gallucci began his foreign affairs career at the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency in 1974.  In 1978, he became a division chief in the Department of State's Bureau of Intelligence and Research.  From 1979 to 1981, he was a member of the Secretary's Policy Planning Staff.
 He then served as an office director in both the Bureau of Near Eastern South Asian Affairs (1982-83) and in the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs (1983-84).  In 1984, he left Washington to serve as the Deputy Director General of the Multinational Force and Observers, the Sinai peacekeeping force headquartered in Rome, Italy.  Returning in 1988, he joined the faculty of the National War College where he taught until 1991.  In April of that year he moved to United Nations
Headquarters in New York to take up an appointment as the Deputy Executive Chairman of the UN Special Commission  (UNSCOM)  overseeing the disarmament of Iraq.  He returned to Washington in February 1992 to be the Senior Coordinator responsible for nonproliferation and nuclear safety initiatives in he former Soviet Union in the Office of the Deputy Secretary.  In July 1992, Dr. Gallucci was confirmed as the Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs.

    Dr. Gallucci was born in Brooklyn on February 11, 1946.  He earned a bachelor's degree from the State University of New York at Stony Brook, followed by a master's and doctorate in Politics from Brandeis University.  Before joining the State Department, he taught at Swarthmore
College, Johns Hopkins School for Advanced International Studies and Georgetown University.  He has received fellowships from the Council on Foreign Relations, the International Institute for Strategic Studies, Harvard University, and the Brookings Institution.

    He has authored a number of publications on political-military issues, including Neither Peace Nor Honor:  The Politics of American Military Policy in Vietnam  (John Hopkins University Press 1975).  He received the Department of the Army's Outstanding Civilian Service Award in
1991, the Pi Sigma Alpha Award from the  National Capital Area Political Science Association in 2000, and the Doctor of Humane Letters (honorary)  from the State University of New York at Stony Brook in May 2002.

    He is married to Jennifer Sims; they have a daughter and a son.  They reside in Arlington, Virginia.

Amb. Donald P. Gregg, Chairman, the Korea Society; March 27, 2001.

Donald P. Gregg is Chairman of the Board of the Korea Society, based in New York City.

Following graduation from Williams College in 1951, he joined the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and over the next quarter century was assigned to Japan, Burma, Vietnam, and Korea.  He was special Assistant to the U.S. Ambassador in Korea between 1973-75 and was decorated by the Korean government in 1975.

Mr. Gregg was seconded to the National Security Council staff in 1979, where he was in charge of intelligence activities and Asian policy affairs.  In 1982, he was asked by the then Vice President George Bush to become his national security advisor.  He then retired from the CIA, and was awarded its highest decoration, the Distinguished Intelligence medal. During his six years with Vice President Bush, Mr. Gregg traveled to 65 countries, including Korea.

Between 1980-89, Mr. Gregg also served as a professional lecturer at Georgetown University, where he taught a graduate level workshop entitled “Force and Diplomacy” to students in the Master of Science in Foreign Service program.

From September 1989, Mr. Gregg served as Ambassador to Korea for 3 ½ years.  Prior to his departure from Korea in 1993, Mr. Gregg received the Department of Defense medal for Distinguished Public Service, an Honorary Degree from Sogang University, and a decoration from the Prime Minister of Korea.

In March 1993, Mr. Gregg retired from a 43 year career in the United States Government, and assumed his current position.  He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations

March 14, 2000
Sir Eldon Griffiths
President, Orange County World Affairs Council
Director, Center for International Business, Chapman University

Sir Eldon Griffiths is a truly global citizen.  Having commuted for several years between the House of Commons and Orange County, he now has four different offices:  in Laguna Niguel where he manages the Council’s business; Irvine, where he is an advisor to U.S. multi-national companies; Orange, where he is Founder-Director of Chapman University’s Center for International Business; and Santa Ana, where Oranges & Lemons, his twice-weekly commentaries appear in the Orange County Register. 

 Sir Eldon’s ‘fifth’ office, he likes to say, is on Boeing 747’s, traveling to and from Russia, China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Hong Kong.  He is chairman of the Korea-America Friendship Society in southern California and was recently honored by President Lee with Taiwan’s gold medal for honor.  Shortly before President Yeltsin crushed the revolt of his opponents in the Russian Parliament, Sir Eldon addressed a defense conversion conference in Moscow, hosted Alexandre Rutskoi, the former Russian vice-president, now in jail on charges of treason.

Born in England, it educated at Cambridge and Yale, Sir Eldon Griffiths Was elected in 1964 as Member of Parliament for the safe Conservative seat of Bury St. Edmunds.  He served as chairman of the Polish, German and Iranian sub-committees of the House of Commons’ Foreign Affairs committee and led parliamentary delegations to Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), and New Zealand.  For four years he was a delegate to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg and West European Union in Paris.  He served for 17 years as Advisor to the British police.

 After assisting two Prime Ministers prepare their speeches, Griffiths was named Minster of Sport and Under Secretary of State at the world’s first government Department of the Environment.  He helped set up the UN’s environmental agency; pioneered legislation on water engineering and transport; represented his government at international conferences in Brussels, Washington and Moscow.  When Margaret Thatcher became leader of the Conservative party he was appointed as her Party’s spokesman on European and NATO issues.  He was knighted by the Queen in 1988.

 Sir Eldon began his career in California as a Time and Life correspondent covering the departure of the U.S. Marines for Korea.  Later, as Chief European Correspondent and Foreign Editor for Newsweek, he reported on crises in Eastern Europe, Africa and the Middle East, covered the Bay of Pigs operation against Cuba, landed in Jordan with the British parachute brigade and was held prisoner by the Russian Army in Budapest.  He was Newsweek’s Editor in New York in his 30’s and Managing Editor of its European and Pacific editions.

 Now living in Laguna Niguel, Sir Eldon is a director and consultant to U.S. and U.K.-based property, engineering, steel-tube and pharmaceutical companies.  He lectures on international business at USC as well as Chapman University.  He is Chairman of the Korea-America Friendship Society of southern California and holder of the Gold Medal of Honor of the Republic of China, Taiwan.  A Freeman of the City of London and honorary citizen of Orange County, his columns on global issues are widely read throughout southern California.

May 13, 2003.
Dr. Lawrence E. Grinter, moderator.
Professor, International Security Studies, Asian Studies, AWC.

Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
John F. Kennedy School of government
Harvard University

Joe Nye received his bachelor’s degree summa cum laude from Princeton University in 1958.  He did postgraduate work at Oxford University on a Rhodes scholarship and earned a Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University.  He joined the Harvard faculty in 1964, and taught one of the largest core curriculum courses in the College.  In December, 1995, he became Dean of the Kennedy school.

He has also worked in three government agencies.  From 1977 to 1979, Mr. Nye served as deputy to the under secretary of state for security Assistance, science and technology and chaired the national Security Council group on non proliferation of nuclear weapons.  In recognition of his service, he received the highest department of state commendation, the distinguished honor award.  In 1993 and 1994, he was chairman of the national intelligence council, which coordinates intelligence estimates for the president.  He was awarded the intelligence community’s Distinguished Service Medal.  In 1994 and 1995, he served as assistant Secretary of defense for international security affairs, where he also won the Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster.

A fellow of the American academy of arts and sciences and the academy up diplomacy, Mr. Nye has also been a senior fellow of the Aspin institute, director of the Aspen’s strategy group, and a member of the Executive committee of the trilateral commission.  He has served as a director of the institute for east west security studies, a director of the international institute for strategic studies, a member of the advisory committee of the Institute of international economics, and the American representative on the United Nations advisory committee on disarmament affairs.  He has been a trustee Wells College at Radcliffe College.

A member of the editorial boards of foreign policy and international security magazines; he is the author of numerous books and more than a hundred and fifty articles in professional journals.  His most recent books are bound to lead: the changing nature of American power (1990) and understanding international conflicts (1997). The in 1997, he co-edited a book entitled, why people don’t trust government.  In addition, he has published policy it articles in the New York Times, the Washington post, the Atlantic, and the wall street journal.  He has appeared on programs such as ABC’s nightline and good morning America, CNN Larry King live, CBS’s Evening news, and the PBS Lehrer news hour, as well as Australian, British, French, Swiss, Japanese, and Korean television.

In addition to teaching at Harvard, Mr. Nye also has taught for brief periods in Geneva, Ottawa, and London.  He has lived for extended periods in Europe, east Africa, Central America, and traveled to more than 90 countries.

His hobbies include fly fishing, hiking, squash, skiing, gardening, and working on his tree farm in New Hampshire.  He is married to Molly Harding Nye, an art consultant and potter.  They have three grown sons. 

May 13, 2003
Dr. Jeffrey Record
Professor, Dept of Strategy and International Security, AWC.
  • Author of four books and a dozen monographs.
  • Served in Mekong Delta during Vietnam War.
  • Served in the Brookings Institution, the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, the Hudson Institute, and BDM International Corporation.
  • Served as Legislative Assistant to senators Sam Nunn and Lloyd Bentsen, and as Professional Staff Member, Senate Armed Services Committee.


May 13, 2003
Dr. David S. Sorenson
"The Middle East After the War in Iraq."
Associate Dean for Academic Programs, and Professor of National sEcurity Studies, AWC.
  • Author of three books, inclduing the Politics of the Modern Middle East (2003), co-editor of three more, and author of numerous articles on Middle East politics and defense budget issues.
  • Served as Chair of International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association.

November 28, 2000
Mr. Martin Walker
Public policy fellow at the Woodrow Wilson center

Educated at Harvard and Oxford, witness to wars from Belfast to Sarejevo, Martin Walker is an acute observer and is one of the best journalists of our time.  He was posted to the United States in 1964 as a young officer cadet of the royal air force and was an attendee at the famous, or infamous, Woodstock concert.  He was a student volunteer in the presidential campaign (along with Madeleine Albright) of center Muskie and was a young reporter at the democratic and republican conventions of 1972.  Mr. Walker was on the scene it as an observer of perestroika and the collapse of communism.  He has sipped beer on President George bush’s speedboat, is an acquaintance of Bill Clinton’s since his time at Oxford, was a witness to the tragedy of the Oklahoma City bombing, and has plucked bullets from the Branch Davidian compound at Waco.  He has seen the United States from its best of times and its worst of times, “sometimes,” he writes, “almost simultaneously.”

Martin walker is a public policy fellow at the Woodrow Wilson international center for scholars in Washington DC, where he is writing a book on transatlantic relations, in 25 years as a journalist with Britain’s the Guardian newspaper, he served as bureau chief in Moscow and the U.S, as European editor, and as assistant editor. He was awarded Britain’s reporter of the year prize in 1987.

A regular broadcaster on the BBC, NPR and CNN, and sometimes panelist on inside Washington and capital gang Sunday he also scripted and narrated the BBC series Martin Walker’s Russia, and the BBC analysis special Clintonomics.

He is also a senior fellow of the world policy institute at the new school in New York, and is a contributing editor of the Los Angeles times the ping in section and of Europe magazine.  He has written for the new York times the Washington post, foreign policy, the new Yorker, the new Republic, Die Zeit of Germany, El Mundo of Spain, the Moscow times, and Moskovskii Novosti.  He is also a contributing editor of Demonkratisatsia, the journal of post Soviet reform, Is Europe editor of intellectual, and contributes columns to

He is the author of eight nonfiction books, including most recently, America reform, the president we deserve, and the cold war, he is also published three novels and several works of poetry.


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