Citizenship in the World
BSA Supply No. 33260
"Citizenship In The World"
Merit Badge Session
Boy Scouts of America:
Citizenship in the World, Badge
from Boy Scouts of America
Introduction to the Counselor
Selected Requirements for the Classroom
1. [in class] Explain what citizenship in the world means to you and what you think it takes to be a good world citizen.
a. [feasible in class] Pick a current world event. In relation to this current event, discuss with your counselor how a country's national interest and its relationship with other countries might affect areas such as its security, its economy, its values, and the health of its citizens.TOP of page
b. [in class] Select a foreign country and discuss with your counselor how its geography, natural resources, and climate influence its economy and its global partnerships with other countries.
- Attacks by Al Qaeda on the US, 1993- Sep. 2001, every couple of years
- The US war against Al Qaeda, October 2001-
- Afghanistan, Pakistan
- Related groups in Yemen, Indonesia, Saudi and elsewhere
- but advertised as GWOT
- the occupation of Iraq -- did it drain resources from war on AQ?
- Further attacks by AQ against US on homeland soil?
- Effects of the GWOT on opinion outside US
- Was US strategy successful -- or could it have been run differently?
- 2012: The recent attacks upon US embassies and consulates in the Magreb (North Africa)
- Maps of UK
- geography, natural resources and climate
- economy and global partnerships
- Commonwealth, NATO and EU
- special relationship with US
- Dr. Lewis's lecture on growing up in the United Kingdom in the 1960s and 1970s
- Toddler at Queen's visit to World Jamboree, at Sutton Park, 3 Aug.1957
- Cub Scout camp at Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire; and Lynmouth, Devon
- Patrol Leader and member, Bournemouth School Scout Troop, Hampshire, England, 1966-69
- Brownsea Island, original scout camp, 1907
- Wide games at Stonehenge, Hengistbury Head, sailing at Christchurch harbour, Old Harry Rocks
- Cultural differences in scouting -- impressions
- Alternative example, Germany: [Maps] how geography, natural resources, and climate influence its economy and its global partnerships with other countries.
4. Do TWO of the following:
a. [may be done in class] Explain international law and how it differs from national law. Explain the role of international law and how international law can be used as a tool for conflict resolution.TOP of page
b. [homework] Using resources such as major daily newspapers, the Internet (with your parent's permission), and news magazines, observe a current issue that involves international trade, foreign exchange, balance of payments, tariffs, and free trade. Explain what you have learned. Include in your discussion an explanation of why countries must cooperate in order for world trade and global competition to thrive. [discussion of an international issue may be held in class]
- Treaties among nation states
- customary law?
- behavioral constraints?
- international courts
- topical example of constraints of international law: should terrorism suspects be tortured?
- convention against torture | 3rd Geneva Convention | US army field manual
c. [feasible in class] Select TWO of the following organizations and describe their role in the world.
- Newspaper web sites
- Dr. Lewis's lecture on an issue of international political economy
- Why do we trade with foreigners? How do they pay us?
- How do nations tax imports and exports?
- Why do some industries try to protect themselves from foreign imports?1. The United Nations
2. The World Court (International Court of Justice in the Hague, separate from the International Criminal Court) [Wkpda]
3. World Organization of the Scout Movement
4. The World Health Organization
5. Amnesty International
6. The International Committee of the Red Cross
a. Discuss the differences between constitutional and non-constitutional governments.TOP of pageHow do constitutions lay down the relations among political institutions?b. Name at least five different types of governments currently in power in the world.
Does a constitution have to be written all in one document?
Does a constitution have to be fixed forever?
Can a constitution be dissolved?Aristotle distinguished among rule by one, a few and many -- and each could work well or badlyc. Show on a world map [MAPS] countries that use each of these five different forms of government.
Monarchy or autocracy (or tyranny) | oligarchy | democracy (or mob anarchy)
Some states are failed states -- they never develop a constitution
Authoritarian versus totalitarian regimes
Communist versus free market regimes
liberal democratic versus social democratic regimes
6. [feasible in class] Do the following:
a. Explain how a government is represented abroad and how the United States government is accredited to international organizations.TOP of page
b. [in class] Describe the roles of the following in the conduct of foreign relations.
- right of legation under international law, presenting credentials to government
- US Dept of State, USAID, Voice of America
- representation abroad, by diplomacy, trade missions, intelligence and military attaches
- cultural exchanges, media (Hollywood films), business negotiations, public diplomacy, propaganda
- Olympic athletes -- are they ambassadors?
- What are international organizations? Why join them? What can they achieve?
- Are international organizations just talking shops?
- NGOs (e.g. Jimmy Carter Presidential Center, Atlanta [field trip])1. Ambassadorc. [in class] Explain the purpose of a passport and visa for international travel.
3. Bureau of International Information Programs, US Dept of State [Wkpd]
4. Agency for International Development [Wkpd]
5. US and Foreign Commercial Service, Int. Trade Agency, US Dept. of Commerce [Wkpd]
- See Dr. Lewis's Passports and visas.
a. [homework] Visit the Web site of the U.S. State Department. Learn more about an issue you find interesting that is discussed on this Web site.TOP of page
b. [homework] Visit the Web site of an international news organization or foreign government, OR examine a foreign newspaper available at your local library, bookstore, or newsstand. Find a news story about a human right realized in the United States that is not recognized in another country.
c. [in class] Visitwith a student or Scout from another country and discuss the typical values, holidays, ethnic foods, and traditions practiced or enjoyed there.
- UK government sites: UK Prime Minister's office | UK government direct |
- international non-governmental organizations: Human Rights Watch | Freedom House | Amnesty international | Transparency International |
- UK media sites: | BBC | C-SPAN | CNN | The Guardian (London, liberal, world index) | The Times (London, conservative, world news index) | The Telegraph (London, conservative paper but less so online)
- US media sites: The New York Times (World index) (liberal) | The Washington Post(liberal) | The Wall Street Journal(conservative)
d. [homework] Attend a world Scout jamboree.
- Well, Dr. Lewis is a scout from another country.
- Great Britain: values, holidays, ethnic foods and traditions
- values: fairness, liberty, equality, politeness, but also euroskeptic and skeptical of languages
- WW2 rationing: "no jumping the queue," "fair shares for all," "you're not the only pebble on the beach"
- postwar welfare state consensus versus Thatcherism
- Established Church of England [Westminster Abbey].
- no Thanksgiving; Labour day is May 1 [Morris dancing]; Easter & Whitsun; Bank holidays; EU summer holidays
- ethnic foods (pub food, Indian, Italian and Chinese immigrants' food):
- changing of the guard; opening of Parliament; Bonfire night [click 14]; cricket, [batsman], rugby and association football; Wimbledon tennis
- Johns Hopkins U.'s cricket primer for the baseball fan
- American Institute of Foreign Study | Peace Corps | People to People International | Sister Cities International
- Youth Exchange Programs, US State Dept |
e. [homework] Participate in or attend an international event in your area, such as an ethnic festival, concert, or play.
See Alabama World Affairs Council website: www.AWAC.US Model United Nations links