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PSC 209: World Politics, Lecture & Discussion Notes

revised 6 Nov. 2013 with a student outline, by Jeremy Lewis
Week: [01] [02] [03] [04] [05] [06] [Test1] [07] [08] [09] [10] [11] [12] [13] 14]

Introduction | Thinking & Caring | Evolution | War Powers | more to come ...


Week 1, Introduction

Rourke, 1: Thinking & Caring about World Politics
Reasons to care: ideas, travel, trade and security ... among others
Approaches to the study of world politics

What classifications of theory are there about world politics?
Can we identify newer forms of the liberal and realist schools of thought?
Key concepts from Rourke Brief Ch. 1: please define and explain these - for 30 Aug. 2013
Idealists (Woodrow Wilson)
Realists & realpolitik Thomas Hobbes)
Neorealists (competition among states)
Neoidealists (international organizations)
Goals for theory: Description, prediction and prescription
Research methods: logical; observation and quantitative analysis
Analysis by system-level; state-level and individual-level
Intermestic issues
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

 

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Discussion Wed. 28 Aug. 2013
Illustrations of impressions of visiting the US that awakened me as a freshman to US politics and world politics.
Why should one care about world politics?

Events abroad can affect one's own conutry in various ways, trade, economic, cultural and security related
Pew polling shows 16/17 majority-muslim populations have a critical view of US, feel threatened
What actors are there on the world stage?
Nation states, leaders of nation states (Hitler), non-government organizations  (FIFA, greenpeace, AQ, intergovernmental organizations (including UN)
What classifications of theory are there about world politics?
We opened up realism based on power and interest of nation states -- but contrasted with expansion of Germany 1936-39, and issue of whether Hitler's aggressive leadership transcended the usual pursuance of national interests.
Other theories to come ...
We also lined up some reporters for Friday
Discussion 4 Sep. 2013
Economic competitiveness is based on?
Skills and quality of education; resources; structure; innovation ...
What makes Germany, though more costly than the US, still competitive?
Does outsourcing always cost less - and is it always more productive? Example of local firm, bought out by a Georgia firm, that outsourced software to India, only to have to rewrite it in the US.
Why has China grown so fast?
Has the recession of 2008-09 cost more jobs among men's low-skilled, low-paid occupations?
SInce Americans have been acquiring degrees while unemployed, will that be a good investment over a working lifetime?
Do some/most Americans envy those who are rich - or aspire to match them?
Has the US, in historical context, performed fairly well?

Discussion 24 Aug. 2012
Zakaria video

Zakaria Print article Von Drehle response print article


Discussion 8/29/2011
Fareed Zakaria, Time article (by Amanda Wineman)

Washington is wasting time on present issues
US comfortable and complacent
Because of the party conflict and allergy to compromise ...
Need to stop worrying about the elderly and consider future problems for long term benefits
 David Von Drehle, Time article in response  (by Amanda Wineman)
Americans complain about the country being in bad shape
but we're not doing so badly ...
superiority complex
US often needs to feel low in order to improve
General class discussion, 2011:
How can other countries tell how Americans will lead global affairs, with what characteristics?
Short termism? Contrast with other countries with long term horizons
Promotion of democracy?
To what degree does the US lead global politics?
one superpower, facing others?
the superpower, above others?
a hegemon, completely dominant?
Measured by economic power (trade implies interdependency) or military power? (US has majority of military resources)

Week 2
Rourke, 2: The Evolution of World Politics
Global political evolution: a quick summary
The Ancient Greeks' polis and empire
The Roman republic and empire
The expansion of the city state to broader territory
The Holy Roman Empire
The Catholic Church
The Reformation
The Treaty of Westphalia, 1648
Looking ahead: be prepared to give a country briefing as we come to each one in Timetable.

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Week 3
Provisions of the US Constitution relevant to foreign policy
The Congress, in Article I
"Section 7
All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills."
Section 8
The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
To borrow Money on the credit of the United States;
To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;
To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;
To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;
To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States;
[...]
To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;
[...]
To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offences against the Law of Nations;
To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;
To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;
To provide and maintain a Navy;
To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;
To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;
To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
[...]
To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.
Section 9
The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.

The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.
No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another; nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.

No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.

No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.


Section 10

No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.

No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.

The Presidency
Article II, Section 2:
"The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.

He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
[...]

Section. 3.
... [H]e shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States."
The Courts, in Article III
[...] Section 2
The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;--to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;--to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;--to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;--to Controversies between two or more States;-- between a State and Citizens of another State,--between Citizens of different States,--between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.

In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.

Section 3
Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.

The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.

[...]



The War Powers Resolution, 1973, 50 USC 1541-1548
Joint resolution of Congress permitting President to send armed forces to a conflict only with the consent of the Congress, in these cases:
Declaration of war by the Congress
"Statutory authorization"
"national emergency created by an attack upon the US, its territories or possessions, or its armed forces."
President shall notify Congress within 48 hours of committing forces to military action, subject to a 60 day limit, and 30 days for withdrawal, without authorization.
Necessary and Proper clause is held to enable the statute, and C-in-C power is held to give President authority to repel attacks on the US.
Rep. Zablocki introduced the bill to HR, and both chambers overrode President Nixon's veto on 7 November 1973.
US Supreme Court has never definitively upheld or struck down the Resolution.
Presidents have claimed to act 'consistent with' rather than 'pursuant to' the Resolution.
Section 1544 (C) permits Congress to order withdrawal of forces, but this might be struck down as an unconstitutional 'legislative veto'.
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