Political Science at Huntingdon College
Huntingdon College | Political Science | Courses | What's New?
PSC 201: American Government

Ann Serow (ed) Lanahan Readings in the American Polity, 5e, 2011

Student Outlines, readings 24-62 | readings 63-81 | Serow 4e outlines index

(new readings only; outlines for previous readings are linked from timetable)

compiled from student contributions (thanks) by Jeremy Lewis, revised 12/3/17

Contents (of readings new to 5e):
63: Richard Skinner, "More Than Money" (2007)
64: Robert Kaiser, "So Much Damn Money" (2009)
65: Joe Garcia,"La Gran Opportunidad /Up For Grabs /The Hispanic Opportunity" (2009)
66: Dante Scala, "Stormy Weather" (2003)
67: Dennis Johnson, "No Place for Amateurs"
69: David Campbell, "Why We Vote" (2006)
70: Chuck Todd and Sheldon Gawiser, "How Barack Obama Won" (2009)
72: Morley Winograd & Michael Hais, "Millennial Makeover" (2008)
73: John Judis, "America the Liberal: The Democratic Majority: It Emerged!" (2008)
74: Stuart Rothenberg, "Is 2008 a Realigning Election? Numbers Offer Some Clues." (2008)
75: Ronald Brownstein, "The Second Civil War" (2007)
76: Kate Zernike, "Boiling Mad" (2010)
78: Morley Winograd and Michael Hais, "Millennial Makeover"
79: Cass Sunstein, "Republic.com 2.0"
80: Diana Mutz, "How the Mass Media Divide Us"
81: Russell Peterson, "Strange Bedfellows"

Students' Outlines
63 Richard Skinner, "More Than Money" (2007)

Top of Page


64: Robert Kaiser, "So Much Damn Money" (2009)

Top of Page


65: Joe Garcia,"La Gran Opportunidad /Up For Grabs /The Hispanic Opportunity" (2009)
Notes by Linda Swayne, Fall 2011
 

• Written in 2009; Joe Garcia had unsuccessful run for Florida's House of Representatives.
• Basis for article is Mayday 2006 Latino demonstrations of citizens and illegals across the USA which showed their power and ever increasing Latino vote.
• The Latinos want to be “courted” by political parties, they want the politicians to earn the Latino vote which is “up for grabs.”
• The article did not cite what the demonstrators wanted or what the Latino community's needs are besides recognition and respect; he cited American's “venomous xenophobia” against the Latino culture.
• The Mayday demonstrators' cry is “Today we march, tomorrow we vote.”  Latinos vote in higher percentages than the rest of the country.
• Garcia listed demographics of America's Hispanic population – 40 million and growing due to high birthrate (he used the term “anchor baby;” Latino communities are in all 50 states; immigrants' origins are from many Latin American countries – Cuba, Venezuela, Mexico, etc.  Average age is 25 years old – a young Latino population that is here to stay.
• Hispanics typically are Catholic and vote the Democratic ticket; increasing number of Latino evangelical Christians vote Republican.  Hillary Clinton won the Hispanic vote over Obama in 2008.  Democratic contenders held debates sponsored by Spanish language network “Univision.”
• Hispanics want to hold to their culture while living in America.  Garcia does not lay out what this means (speak only Spanish?)
• “The 'Latino wave' is the single most important element of the recent demographic and sociological change in the USA.”
• Latinos have strong family values, but not the typical American “nuclear family” - their extended family may include illegals living in the same house with three generations of citizens.
• Hispanic leadership is challenging.  45 percent of nationwide Latino electorate is foreign born but Latino Democratic leaders come from families who have been here for generations.  Foreign born Hispanics relate to Hugo Chavez (violent dictator) over Cesar Chavez (US farm worker activist).


Top of Page


66: Dante Scala, "Stormy Weather" (2003)
Notes by Wade Thomas, Fall 2017

Top of Page


67: Dennis Johnson "No Place for Amateurs"
Notes by Robbie McKenna, Fall 2017

Top of Page


69: David Campbell, "Why We Vote" (2006)

Top of Page


70: Chuck Todd and Sheldon Gawiser, "How Barack Obama Won" (2009)

Top of Page


72: Morley Winograd & Michael Hais, "Millennial Makeover" (2008)

Top of Page


73: John Judis, "America the Liberal: The Democratic Majority: It Emerged!" (2008)
notes by Jonathan Moore, Fall 2012

- believes that Obama and his policy makers should act quickly while the demographics are rapidly changing.

- Obama's advisers suggest gradual change, they are wrong.
- he should not make the same mistakes that Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton made during their Presidencies.
This new democratic realignment began in the 1990's and was delayed by September 11, but resumes with the 2006 election.
- Groups that were "disproportionately republican" are now disproportionately democratic"
- this is due to a shift in fundamentals.
- the last major realignment came during Ronald Reagan's presidency.
- three main groups contribute to this realignment.
1) professionals (college educated workers that produce services and ideas)
2) minorities (African Americans, Latinos and Asian Americans)
3) women ( particularly working, single college educated women.
- a new "progressive" world view supports this realignment.
- Two kinds of realignments: hard and soft.
- the 2008 realignment has initially been soft.
- the financial crisis may have changed this.
- new policies will help insure a lasting democratic majority.
- national healthcare is an example of new policy.
- depending on Obama's reaction, this may be a soft realignment rather than a hard realignment.
Top of Page

74: Stuart Rothenberg, "Is 2008 a Realigning Election? Numbers Offer Some Clues." (2008)

Top of Page


75: Ronald Brownstein, "The Second Civil War" (2007)
Notes by Koby Townsend, Fall 2017

Top of Page


76: Kate Zernike, "Boiling Mad" (2010)
notes by Nick Howell, Fall 2012

The Tea Party Goals

    Limited Government
    Fiscal Responsibility
    Free market economy
b. Divided at heart: Young vs Old
Young Followed wisdom of Friedrich Hayek and Ludwig von Mises
Old Wants their medicare to be left alone
c. Do not see themselves as racist
            Promotes States rights and protection what is rightfully yours
Campaign: Rand Paul
    Ran for Republican nomination for US senate in Kentucky
    Strict interpretation of the constitution
    Won by 20% points

Top of Page


78: Morley Winograd and Michael Hais, "Millennial Makeover"

Top of Page


79: Cass Sunstein, "Republic.com 2.0"
by Austin Ohliger, Fall 2015

Louis Brandeis, a U.S. Supreme Court Justice, said that the greatest threat to freedom is “an inert (unmoving) people”

-best way to stop an inert people is for the public to be free from censorship
-the democracy must also insure that people are exposed to competing perspectives
personalized news, sites allowing a person to read news they want without all other news and news they don't want, is dangerous for free speech in a democratic society
a well-functioning system of free expression must meet 2 requirements
-people should be exposed to materials that they would not have chosen in advance
<involves topics and point of views that people haven't sought out and may find irritating
*ensure against fragmentation and extremism
-many citizens should have a range of common experiences
<a society that is very different within itself will have a more difficult time addressing social problems
Online blogs and the blogosphere
-good representation of all different opinions and POVs
<but only a few become focal points and most bloggers have their own bias
*many who consult blogs have trouble separating fact from falsehood
-if people are only reading blogs that confirm their beliefs and biases, those people will only become more radical
the blogosphere increases the range of available info and perspectives for curious, open-minded people
-overall because of the blogoshere, many people are obtaining one-sided views of political issues causing blunders, confusion, and extremism in many people


79: Cass Sunstein, "Republic.com 2.0"
by Joseph Clements, Fall 2012
How should people use new informational technologies especially the internet?

 People work themselves into grooves and echo chambers.
 This personalization of our news sources has a negative effect on democracy.
How can we break free from the grooves and echo chambers we lock ourselves into?
 1. People should be spontaneously exposed to material they would not usually choose
2. People should achieve a range of common experiences.
Are Blogs a good source of internet news? Facts about blogs:
  Talk about the “Daily Me”
  Have a true impact on reader’s lives
  They are information gatherers.
Negative effects of blogs:
 The readers find it difficult to separate fact from fiction
 They have no need for credibility
 The promote polarization by increasing uniformity and confidence in one’s own views.
Blogs therefore become one of the causes of extremist one sided view points
 
 

Top of Page


80: Diana Mutz, "How the Mass Media Divide Us"

Top of Page


81: Russell Peterson, "Strange Bedfellows"

Top of Page