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PSC 306: Public Organizations, Timetable

Dr. Jeremy Lewis, Political Science.  Revised 4 Apr. 2011 with links, speakers; previously with new readings in new Stillman edition.
Kettl & Fesler Website (quizzes, study guide) | Audiovisual materials will only be used where time and equipment permit.
No classes, Spring 2011: M 17 Jan (MLK); F 4, 18 & 25 Feb., W 9 Mar. (Assess't), M 21-F 25 Mar & F 22 Apr. "Dead day" is M 25 April.
Week: [01] [02] [03] [04] [05] [Test1] [06] [07] [08] [09] [10] [Test2] [11] [12] [ePaper] [13] 14] [15] [Final]
Boldface readings are to be read and discussed; readings in plain type are optional, theories, or additional resources.
Purple text indicates new to 4th edition of Kettl & Fesler, or 9th edition of Stillman (ed).
PSC 306 Topic & readings: give priority to bold. 
Week 1
10-14 Jan
Introductory Lecture on Bureaucracy
Kettl 1, Introduction: Politics and Administration.
Case 1: Waterboarding, CIA and Contractors
PBS, NOVA, The Spy Factory (NSA) (online video) [Notes]
Kettl Website (quizzes, study guide)
In what senses should officials be held responsible in a liberal democracy?
In the war on terrorists, how may the CIA interrogate prisoners, and may the US employ contractors to do the job? 
To what degree is it ethical for the NSA to listen to US conversations?
Why was the NSA left out of the 9/11 report? Why did the NSA fail to warn of the 9/11 attacks?
How does the NSA differ from the CIA? To what degree could they share intelligence before 9/11?
Stillman 1, Introduction to Scope and Purpose:
Woodrow Wilson, "Study of P.A."
Richard Stillman, "Study of P.A. in U.S."
Case 1: Martin, "Blast in Centralia No. 5: Mine Disaster." [Lecture]
How should American public administration be different from the European? [W. Wilson]
How has the study of American public administration changed since the age of Wilsonian reformers? [Stillman]
In what sense does Martin indicate that a disaster can have multiple causes, and there can be multiple breakdowns of administration and politics in a single program? 
Week 2
T18-21 Jan
Kettl 2, Administrative Responsibility
Case 2: Speed limits
Kettl 3, What Govt Does
Case 3: Flu vaccine shortage [Lecture]
What is the responsibility of unelected officials in a democracy?
What are the functions of government? [Kettl]
Should police enforce laws literally -- or liberally? [Kettl Case 2, speed limits]
Stillman 2, Introduction to Formal Structure:
Max Weber, "On Bureaucracy" in Stillman | Lecture
Max Weber, on nature of authority in Curtis v2
Case 2: George Lardner, "How Kristin Died. [Lecture]
Do Max Weber's ideas about early Prussian bureaucracy apply to modern American government agencies? [In Stillman]
Has bureaucracy become a universal form of government, no matter what the political system? [Weber in Stillman]
What types of authority are there -- and how legitimate is each? [Weber in Curtis]
Was Kristin's death the fault of the perpetrator, the system or individual workers? [Lardner]
Week 3
24-28 Jan
Kettl 4, Organization Theory: Foundations.
Case 4: FBI from Mars and CIA from Venus? [Lecture]
How did classic theorists characterize bureaucracy?
What were the marital problems of the two counter-terrorist organizations, pre-9/11/01,and why did they occur?
Stillman 3, Introduction to Ecology: 
John Gauss, "Ecology of P.A."
Case 3: Terry L. Cooper and Thomas A. Bryer, "William Robertson: Exemplar of Politics and Public Management Rightly Understood" 
How does ecology apply to the multiple populations of public administration? [Gauss]
How does an effective public administrator pay attention to the political environment around him? [Cooper]
To what degree is citizen participation genuinely democratic and useful in administration? [Cooper]
Week 4
31 Jan-R 4 Feb
(No F)
Kettl 5, Strategies & Tactics for Admin've Reform
Case 5: Punching Through on the Bailout  --not on Test 1 or 2
How can bureaus be reformed, and to what effect? [Kettl]
What are the problems of bailing out failed businesses? [Bailout]
What went wrong with relief for a major disaster? [Bailout]
Stillman 4, Introduction to Political Environment:
Norton Long, "Power & Administration" [Lecture]
Case 4: Maureen Hogan Casamayou, "The Columbia Accident."
PBS, NOVA, Space Shuttle Disaster (50 mins, online video)
How does the political environment affect American public officials? [Long]
Was the space shuttle disaster caused more by political or bureaucratic problems? [Casamayou]
Nivola & Rosenbloom (eds) Classic Readings in American Politics.
33: James Q. Wilson, "Bureaucracy Problem"
34: Herbert Kaufman, "Red Tape"
In what sense if any is there a real bureaucracy problem? [JQ Wilson]
Where does red tape originate, and where should blame lie? [Kaufman]
Week 5
7-11 Feb
Kettl 6, Executive Branch
Case 6: Regulating the Airline industry
How is the US executive branch organized? [Kettl]
Which is safer or more profitable: deregulating or regulating the airlines?
Stillman 5, Introduction to Intergovernmental Relations:
Tim Conlan, "From Cooperative to Opportunistic Federalism" --not on Test 1 or 2
Case 5: Susan Rosegrant, "Wichita Confronts Contamination"
In the US federal system, how does a state or locality get affected by federal aid and rules? [O'Toole]
Are there occasions when a locality should face up to problems locally, rather than calling on federal aid? [Rosegrant]
F 11 Feb
TEST 1, covers all materials listed during weeks 1-3, or discussed in weeks 1-4. [In 2011, includes Kettl 5 + Norton Long.]
Week 6
14-R 17 Feb
(No Fri)
Kettl 7, Organization Problems.
Case 7: Sunset, the Golden Retriever
What are the common problems in organizations? [Kettl]
Give examples from your own work or other organizations of problems you have observed.
Stillman 6, Introduction to Informal Group:
Elton Mayo, "Hawthorne & Western Electric Co."
Case 6: William Langewiesche, "American Ground: Unbuilding the World Trade Center."
How do people's informal groups affect behavior in the workplace? [Mayo]
How do people get motivated by attention? [Mayo]
How did tensions among informal groups surface at the WTC? [Langewiesche]
Week 7
21-R 24 Feb
(No Fri)
Kettl10, Decision Making | Lecture notes on decision making theories
Case 10: Steering the Economy 
How can we make better decisions --  just with a better process?
Is there a diference between ordinary and crisis decisionmaking?
Should we make decisions by rational calculation of all known consequences -- or just by small reactions to recent problems?
Outline of President Obama's Address to Congress, 24 Feb. 2009
Stillman 7, Introduction to Decisionmakers: Competing Bureaucratic Subsytems
Richard Stillman, "Inside Public Bureaucracy";
Case 7: James Pfiffner, "Decision to go to War with Iraq."
President Obama's NSC reorganization memo, 2009
Explain the processes of decisionmaking and the common problems. [Stillman]
Can even the decision to use military force be made by competing groups inside bureaucracy? [Pfiffner]
Stillman 8, Introduction to Incrementalism [SPS class notes]
Charles Lindblom, "Science of Muddling Through"; 
Case 8: Michael Grunwald and Susan B. Lasser, "How a City Slowly Drowned"
Is a rational, comprehensive approach better than an incremental process of decisionmaking? [Lindblom]
Can crises be caused by inaction as well as positive action? [Grunwald & Lasser]
Was the Katrina disaster a short term crisis -- or the product of years of decisions? [Grunwald & Lasser]
Week 8
28 Feb-4 Mar
Kettl 8, Civil Service.
Case 8: Who is More Efficient: Govt Workers or Private Contractors? 
How is the civil service organized to create a public non-profit ethos? [Kettl]
How is hiring, promotion and training organized in the civil service? [Kettl]
Well, is public or private more efficient at delivering services? 
Stillman 11, Introduction to Public Personnel Motivation: Culture
Lois Wise, "Public Service Culture. [Wise's page at IU]
Case 11: Deborah Sontag, "Who Brought Bernadine Healy Down?"
How does a professional ethic affect the behavior of the civil service? [Wise]
In what ways may ethics rules trip up even dedicated public servants? [Sontag]
Stillman 9, Introduction to Administrative Communication
James Garnett, "Administrative Communication: It's Centrality."
Case 9: Susan Rosegrant, "Shootings at Columbine High School: Law Enforcement Response."
Peter Boyer, Waco: The Inside Story, (PBS video)
Barton Gellman, "Recruits Sought for Porn Squad", Washington Post article '05 on FBI priorities.
What types of communication are most productive for each kind of official message? [Garnett]
How does lack of communication endanger law enforcement in a crisis?  [Rosegrant]
7-11 Mar
(No W 9)
Kettl 9, Managing Human Capital 
Case 9: A New Take on Old Principles
How can an organization get best performance out of its staff?
What are the legal difficulties of managing people?
Can we reduce the number of civil servants without firing people?
How can we determine who should be hired, or promoted?
Stillman 10, Introduction to Executive Management:
Ann Marie Thomson and James L. Perry, "Collaboration Processes: Inside the Black Box" --not on Test 2
Case 10: Abhijit Jain, Munir Mandiviwalla, and Rajiv D. Banker, "Government as Catalyst, Can it Work Again with Wireless Internet Access?" NEW
How has reform of the higher public service changed the work of senior civil servants? [Stillman]
Is executive management more about managing people or solving abstract problems?
What does it take to get a broad population to use the internet -- management or leadership?
Klein, Joe. 2011. "As goes Wisconsin... So Goes the Nation." Time, 7 March 2011
Ripley, Amanda. 2011. "Meet Your Government Workers." Time, 7 March 2011
Online version: "Budget Fight: What Public Employees Really Cost,Time, 7 March 2011
W. Mar. 9
Senior Assessment Day, no classes; Friday will follow Wednesday class schedule
Week 10
14-18 Mar
Kettl 12, Implementation.
Case 12: To Taze or Not to Taze? 
Youtube: University of Florida student Tasered at Kerry forum 
UFL student Andrew Meyer, a month later, on Today show, after settling with UFL 
Student tasered for wearing baseball cap in city council meeting (against rules), in Saginaw county 
Woman puts toddler in line of taser shot by Bounty hunter, OKC, 2007 
What are the common difficulties of putting programs into effect? [Kettl]
What are the risks of police using non-lethal force?
How should a non-lethal weapon be used in practice?  What restrictions are reasonable?
How does the taser case illustrate that reforms are often more difficult to implement than to legislate?
Stillman 13, Introduction to Implementation:
Paul C. Light, "The Tides of Reform Revisited: Patterns in Making Government Work"
Case 13: Katherine Boo, "Expectations" --not on Test 2
President Obama's memo Mar. '09, to study reorganization of Homeland Security
Explain Light's patterns of reform.  What types of reform have taken place and how do they work out?
What is needed, according to the President, after the creation of the DHS, to make it functional and integrated?
W 16 Mar
TEST 2 on all materials listed or discussed before the test, except where marked "--not on Test 2."
21-25 Mar
Spring Break
Week 11
28 Mar-1 Apr
Stillman 14, Introduction to Issue Networks: 
Hugh Heclo, "Issue Networks & Executive Establishment."
Case 14: Laura Sims, "Reinventing School Lunch."
How do groups of experts from outside the Congress or the bureaus, interested in a policy affect the policy? [Heclo]
What light does the school lunch reform case shed on the importance of issue networks? [Sims]
 Week 12
4-8 Apr
Kettl11, Budgeting.
Case 11: Funding PA's SEPTA system
How is federal budgeting developed over the fiscal year? [Kettl]
How did the SEPTA system in Pennsylvania get funded?
Stillman 12
Introduction to Budgeting: 
Irene Rubin, "Politics of Public Budgets"
Case 12: Philip Taubman, "Death of a Spy Satellite Program"
In what sense is budgeting a political rather than administrative exercise? [Rubin]
Sun 10 Apr
Research ePaper with Bibliography, due 1900 = 7pm.  See Requirements page
Week 13
11-15 Apr
Kettl13, Regulation and the Courts.
Case 13: Who should set environmental policy-- CA or the courts? 
How do the courts affect US bureaus?
If Congress mandates regulation, and the president undercuts it, who should decide?
PBS Frontline, Inside the FBI, documentary video series: 
Fighting the Family
The Price of Progress
Week 14
18-R 21 Apr
(Good Fri)
Stillman 15, Introduction to Deregulation:
James Q. Wilson, "Bureaucracy & Public Interest".
Case 15: James P. Pfiffner, "Torture and Public Policy"
Can deregulation liberate citizens from bureaucratic rules -- or does it remove our protections?
In what ways do federal officials have a professional ethic that limits their choices of behavior?
Kettl 14, Ch. 14: Executive Power and Political Accountability
Case 14: How Should Government Communicate with Citizens? 
What's Kettl's overall view of American bureaucracy?
Is there a distinctive public sector ethic?
What's the difference between accountability and ethical behavior?
What systems of accountability are there for US bureaucrats?
How can Congress oversee the officials? [Kettl]
How has oversight of administration changed in recent years?
Stillman 16, Introduction to Competing Ethical Obligations:
Case 16: Richard D. White, Jr, "George Tenet and the Last Great Days of the CIA"
In what ways do federal officials have a professional ethic that limits their choices of behavior? 
How may professional ethics be in tension with the public interest?
If political appointees are ideologically hostile to the agencies they serve, what is their ethical responsibility to their employer?
PBS, Documentary Film, The G.I. Bill
Comprehensive FINAL exam: 14:30, F 29 Apr. 2011