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PSC 209: World Politics TimeTable

By Prof. Jeremy Lewis, revised 6 Dec. 2013, with briefings, progress checks, & links.
Audiovisual materials will only be used where time and equipment permit. | Great Decisions media episodes
Discussion Notes | CIA World Factbook | Country Briefings from Economist | Student gallery '13
No classes, Fall 2013: M 2, F 13 Sep., F 4, 11 & 18 Oct., & M-F 25-29 Nov.
Week: [01] [02] [03] [dinner party] [04] [Test1] [05] [06] [07] [Test2] [08] [09] [10] [Test3] [11] [12] [13] [Honors eProject] [14] [Final]
Week, Author, Chapter: Topic [and Reporters]
Week 1, 26-30 Aug
Introduction to the course [Lectures] [Discussion notes]
Honors section, and volunteers: Presentations and discussion of 
Fareed Zakaria, "Restoring the American Dream," video, CNN, 6 March 2011(video shows, if you wait a minute, or wait for off-peak times). [Shannen] [Discussion notes]
Fareed Zakaria, "Are America's Best Days Behind US?" Time, 14 March 2011, pp.28-33 [Jackson]
David Von Drehle, "Don't Bet Against the United States," Time, 14 March 2011, pp.34-35[Blair]

Rourke & Boyer, Brief edition, 1: Thinking & Caring about World Politics [Jamey & Madeline> week 2]
- How can one approach the study of world politics  [Discussion notes
- Why should one care about world politics?
- What actors are there on the world stage?
- What classifications of theory are there about world politics?
- Can we identify newer forms of the liberal and realist schools of thought?
- Can we apply these theories to current affairs?

Week 2, 2-6 Sep
Rourke & Boyer, Brief edition, 2: The Evolution of World Politics [Discussion notes] [Antwon]
- How has global politics developed over the centuries?
- What were the contributions to political development of the Ancient Greeks and Romans?
- How did political participation become a part of the polis, and then of Rome?
- How did the mediaeval church develop in parallel to political structures?
- How did the reformation challenge the existing authority?
- What did the Treaty of Westphalia accomplish?
- How did international political structures develop in the twentieth century?
- How are they developing in the C21st?

Student gallery '13 [Please correct if needed]
FPA, Great Decisions in Foreign Policy program 2012, topics for discussion: 
Mark Dillen, America & the World: Challenges for the New President.  A 2011 guide from FPA [free PDF]
- Click each topic for video introductions, links, and quizzes.
Honors section: Presentations and discussion of 
US Constitution, Article I (excerpts on foreign relations) [Brakia]
- Compare the enumerated & inherent Congressional authority in foreign affairs. 
- What would happen if the Congress disagreed with the President's use of force abroad?

Honors section, and volunteers: Prepare for presenting Great Decisions, 1. 

Week 3, 9-13 Sep, No F
Rourke & Boyer, Brief, 3: Levels of Analysis [Dr. Lewis]
- Which of these approaches to studying the world is more effective?
- What ways might be found to prevent war in the long run?
- How many poles are there in today's world order?
- Is the US a hegemon -- or merely one power among many?
- Is China a superpower -- or merely a regional power?
- Is the EU a pole in the system -- or merely a collection of nation states that are at best regional powers?
- Do we usually place too much emphasis on the actions of states, and not enough on understanding the nature of the system or of mankind?
- Do non-governmental organizations make any difference in international politics?
- Does it make any difference to the conduct of a state, who is in charge?
Check for AL World Affairs Council (AWAC) speaker event

Honors section, and volunteers: Presentations and discussion of 
US Constitution, Article II (excerpts on foreign relations)NEW[Lexie]
Provisions of the Constitution relating to foreign policymaking | Lecture notes  
- How powerful was the C-in-C position in 1787 -- and how powerful today?
- How is the appointment power allocated?
- How is the treaty making power allocated?
- Which major wars of the US were led by Presidents, and which by Congress?

War Powers Resolution, 1973 (50 USC 1541-1548) | Wikipedia entry | Lecture [but no Friday, so > week4] NEW
- Does the President have authority under the Constitution to use force abroad, without authority from Congress?
- Can the President be required to notify Congress of the use of force abroad?
- Can the Congress restrain the presidential use of force abroad, once begun?

Honors section, and volunteers: Presentations and discussion of Great Decisions 2013,
1. Erik Jones, "Future of the euro"[Tori & Lexie- but no Friday, so > week4]
- How did the 2008 global recession contribute to the development of the euro crisis? 
- How does the health of the euro affect -- and how is it affected by -- the state of the global economy?
- How can European Union leaders prevent the collapse of the common currency?

Su 15 Sep
Dr. and Mrs. Lewis invite current and former students, with friends, to their home for an annual candle-lit dinner and outdoor games, 3-6 pm on Sunday 15 Sep.; see Dates page for any changes, and check email for driving directions.
High resolution images found here | Low resolution images here 
Week 4, 16-20 Sep
Rourke & Boyer, Brief, 4: Nationalism: The Traditional Orientation [Reporters; notes needed]
- Is the behavior of nation states the main cause of war and of peace?
- Do nationalism and nation-states define and divide the world?
- What is a nation?  What is a Nation-state? What is nationalism?
- How have ideas of nationalism evolved over five centuries?
- After WW2, did nation-states decline or increase?
- What are the benefits of nationalism?
- What are the costs of nationalism? 
- What happens when nations and states are not coterminous?
Map of ethnic groups of the Caucasus | map of Kurdistan
- Is nationalism outmoded?
See Dates page for Test 1,which may include both multiple choice and written questions on the materials covered before the test (bring Scantron card, pencil and dark ballpoint pen). 

Tests returned and exemplary paragraphs presented by students. (During this, nobody takes notes or records discussion).

Week 5, 23-27 Sep
US Constitution, Article III (excerpts) NEW[Blair > week 5]
(The Treason clause, which obviously impinges upon US foreign policy). 
- What did the Founders intend with the Treason clause; why did they restrict its language?
- Search for information about these alleged, modern traitors, and ask yourself whether they meet the constitutional criteria: John Walker Lindh (the so-called "American Taliban"), and Bradley Manning and Edward Snowden (both of WikiLeaks notoriety).
- What reasons could be given by the prosecution and by the defence, about the use of the charge of "treason"? 

Rourke & Boyer, Brief, 5: Globalization: The Alternative Orientation
- Can a new world order be achieved via global and transnational organizations?
- What causes globalization?
- What types of globalization are there?
- What are the benefits and costs of globalization?
- Does every state win from globalization -- or are there losers as well as winners?

Honors section, and volunteers: Presentations and discussion of Great Decisions 2013
2. Bruce Rutherford, "Egypt " [Jackson, Madeline & Madison]
- The popular revolution that ousted President Hosni Mubarak in 2011 ushered in the promise of radical change. 
- Two years later, what is the state of Egyptian democracy? 
- How will the military and the civilian government balance power?
Maps of Middle East | Maps of Africa NEW
Also see Allen & Sutton, Student Atlas, Middle East; and CIA World Factbook online.

Contemporary readings from online sources:
Gayle Tzebach Lemmon, "Michelle Bachelet Has a Mission," Newsweek, 12 Sep. 2011 [Dbox]  [Shannen]

Speaker, Friday 27 Sep: Mr. Eddie Ide will present the history of the Berlin Airlift 1948-49, and the flying museum visiting at Dannelly Field.NEW

Week6, 30 Sep-4 Oct, No F
Rourke & Boyer, 6: Power, Statecraft & National States: The Traditional Structure
- How do national and international organizations actually function -- and how do they contrast?
Children of the Taliban, Frontline World documentary film, PBS, 2009
Lacking a Friday class in 2013, the lecture, discussion and/or film session may be postponed.

Honors section, and volunteers: Presentations and discussion of Great Decisions 2013
3. Mark Webber, "NATO" [Jake, Jamey & Tori]
Maps of NATO member countries NEW
- How has NATO’s agenda evolved since its inception during the cold war? 
- What was the purpose of NATO once the Soviet Union imploded?
- Have there been more or fewer uses of force by the alliance since the end of the cold war?
- With its military commitment in Afghanistan winding down, and a recent successful campaign in Libya, what are the Alliance’s present-day security challenges?

Week7, 7-11 Oct, No F
Rourke & Boyer, Brief, 7: Intergovernmental Organizations: Alternative Governance[Briefly]
- How can international organizations establish cooperation, consensus and policing?
See Dates page for Test 2, which may include both multiple choice and written questions on the materials covered before the test. 
Lacking a Friday class in 2013, the lecture, discussion and/or film session may be postponed.
Week 8, 14-19 Oct, No F
Rourke & Boyer, Brief 8: International Law & Human Rights
[Notes of Rourke, Full edition, 9: International Law & Justice: an alternative]
- What are, or should be, the rules of behavior among nation states?
- Can treaties and common law bind nation states into civilized behavior?
- How do power and diplomacy reinforce -- or contradict -- each other?
- Can international law ever replace a balance of power in constraining nation states?

Tests returned and exemplary paragraphs presented by students. (During this, nobody takes notes or records discussion).

Honors section, and volunteers: Presentations and discussion of Great Decisions 2013
4. Barbara Crossette, "Myanmar and Southeast Asia" [Maps] NEW[Tori, Lexie, & Blair]
The West has welcomed unprecedented democratic reforms made by Myanmar’s government. 
- What prospects are there for a full opening of both politics and economics to market forces?
- How should the US respond to the partial opening from Myanmar - with aid and recognition, or neither?
- Did it make sense for The NLD to take part in a partial election - or to boycott it for a full election?
- What challenges must Myanmar overcome before it can fully join the international community? 
- What role can it play in Southeast Asia?

Lacking a Friday class in 2013, the lecture, discussion and/or film session may be postponed.

Week 9, 21-25 Oct
Rourke & Boyer, Brief, 9: Pursuing Security
Notes of Rourke, Full edition 10: National Security: The Traditional Road
Notes of Rourke, Full edition, 11: International Security: The Alternative
- What are the causes of war, from the perspectives of the system, the state and the individual?
- What kinds of conflict are becoming more prevalent?
- What kinds of force can be utilized in modern conflicts?
- What are the differences between conventional war; unconventional war; war using WMD; and terrorism?
- What is the difference between MAD and NUT?
- How can security be achieved by states pursuing defense and alliances?
- Can cooperative action among states produce a world peace?
- What is the trend in UN peace keeping operations?
- Is it better to use LDC troops to keep the peace in LDC conflicts?
- Do arms control agreeements make the world safer - or less safe?
- Can collective security transcend peace keeping to actual peace enforcement?
- Is there any way to abolish war? Does pacificism have a chance?

Honors section, and volunteers: Presentations and discussion of Great Decisions 2013,
5. Thomas Weiss, "Intervention"[Jackson, Charles and Ben]
Maps of Africa (including Libya at top and Cote D'Ivoire on left side) | Middle East, including Syria
- Is the “responsibility to protect” doctrine (R2P) already considered central to modern humanitarian intervention?
- What are the origins of the R2P doctrine?
- When should the international community intervene? 
- Why did the West rush to intervene in Libya but not Syria?
- Why did the community intervene in Cote D'Ivoire?
- Is R2P likely to arouse fears of modern colonialism?
- What are the limits of idealism in R2P interventions?
- Is the R2P really used just selectively to justify interventions based on realism?

Frontline: Revolution in Cairo, PBS documentary film, 2011
Shown partly in class time, and you should stream the rest online.
- Will the large numbers of youth in Arab countries, using the internet, be able to bring down authoritarian regimes?
- Can the authorities succeed in repressing revolts through beatings, torture and surveillance?
- Can the authorities shut down the protests but cutting the Internet?
- Should the US support the dictators or the pro-democracy protesters?
- If the US does help overthrow dictators who have been US clients - what message does that send to other client regimes?
- Did President Obama respond differently than any other US President would have - or just the same?

See also Allen & Sutton, Student Atlas. | CIA World Factbook
Honors section, and volunteers: developing projects and presentations

Week 10, 28 Oct-1 Nov, No F
Rourke & Boyer, Brief 10/Notes of Full edition, 12: National Economic Competition: Traditional Road
- With the decline in the cost of transport and communications, can global trade transform relations among states?
- To what degree are international economcs and politics intertwined?
- What are the criticisms of international trade and globalization from Marxists and from nationalists?
- What is the justification for the US transferring billions of dollars in economic aid to the bankrupted European powers after the second world war? [Marshall Plan] 
The Economist newspaper's Big Mac Index, 2012 (to Purchasing Power Parity)
- Where is the cheapest state in which to buy something -- and can we predict exchange rates?
- How can we measure the standard international cost of a good or service?
- Is it better to buy presents here before travelling abroad - or to wait till arrival abroad?

Honors section, and volunteers: Presentations and discussion of Great Decisions 2013
6. John Limbert, "Iran" [Reporter]
- Why have suspicion and a troubled history blighted U.S.-Iranian relations for three decades?
How have US Presidents fared when they attempted dialogue with the Iranian leadership?
- How can the United States and Iran move forward? 
- Is the existence of Iran’s nuclear program an insurmountable obstacle?
Speech notes of Amb. Bruce Laingen (former hostage) address to AWAC, Sep. 2003
- Should the hostage rescue have been attempted?
- Should the US maintain a hostile peace with Iran, or attempt to re-approach?
See Dates page for Test 3,which may include both multiple choice and written questions on the materials covered before the test. 
Honors students (and those taking research project option): tutorial in office, on research projects.

Week 11, 4-8 Nov
Rourke & Boyer, Brief 11/Notes of Full edition 13: International Economic Cooperation: Alternative Road
Maria Shriver, One Minute to Midnight: The Cuban MIssile Crisis (film, continued)
PBS, The Marshall Plan, documentary film
Further readings TBA

Tests returned and exemplary paragraphs presented by students. (During this, nobody takes notes or records discussion).

Guest speaker, Robin J. Lewis, "The International Criminal Court" (ICC), Mon. 4 Nov. 2013
Official web site
Rome Statute of the ICC (1998-2002)
Human Rights Watch, page on the ICC
Global Issues, page on the ICC
Map of countries which have signed (yellow) and ratified (Green) the treaty
Pie chart of the ICC budget contributions, 2008 (why is the USA not included?)
Map of ICC investigations (official in green; preliminary in pink; closed in red)
Images:
Image of the court's building in the Hague
Image of Omar Al-Bashir of Sudan, at the 12th African Union summit, subject to an arrest warrant from the ICC
Image of Judge Philippe Kirsch, President of the court, 2003-09 (President in 2013 is Judge Sang-Hyun Song)
Image of the prosecutors, 2012

Honors section, and volunteers: Presentationsand discussion of Great Decisions 2013
7. David Shinn, "China in Africa" [Jackson & Ethan]
- What interests govern China’s engagement in Africa? 
- Should China’s growing emphasis on political ties and natural resource extraction inform U.S. relations with African nations?

China briefing: Allen & Sutton, Student Atlas. | China in CIA World Factbook [Blair, with notes]
Honors section, and volunteers: developing projects and presentations
Essays on the ICC returned, and exemplary essays presented by students.

Advising week. How to pick courses for spring pre-registration: two for major field, two for core, one elective (and you will be able to graduate on time; transfer students may need to modify this).

Week 12, 11-15 Nov, Pre-registration week
Rourke, Notes of Full edition 14: Preserving & Enhancing Human Rights
Rourke & Boyer, Brief, 12 /Notes of Full edition 15: Preserving & Enhancing the Biosphere 
- Is economic competition or cooperation the key to development?
- Without a world government, how can human rights be upheld?
- Can we create a global civil society in the absence of a world government?

Interactive lecture/discussion session on Boyer Ch.12, Preserving & Enhancing the BiosphereNEW
- What tensions emerged between EDCs and LDCs on environmental regulation that emerged from the first 2 global environmental conferences (Earth summits)?
- What perspective might a developing country's head of state have on our demand that all countries reduce their rate of burning carbon?
- What alternatives are there to cut the growth of pollution, besides forbidding the burning of dirty, fossil fuels such as coal?
- What are the differences between a carbon tax and pollution credit exchanges?
- How has the US reacted historically to tax increases?
- How does business lobbying affect the chances of introducing measures that increases energy costs to businesses?

Search Exercise on gasoline price:NEW
Search for the current price of a litre of petrol (gasoline) for a car in England. [e.g., in summer 2013 it was about £1.88 /litre; in October 2013 only £1.37]. 
Step 1: find this online, e.g. at MyTravelCost.com (global prices)  or TheAA.com (which compares UK to Eurozone)
Step 2: Multiply this by 4 to get the price per US gallon (because 4 litres make a US gallon)
Step 3: Find an exchange rate calculator (e.g. at USforex.com
Step 4: Multiply the result of step 2 by the $/Pound exchange rate (currently $1.59) to get the current UK petrol price per US gallon. 
- At about $6-7 per US gallon, between winter and summer, what effects does that have on the economy? 
Step 5: Now do the same for a litre of essence/benzene (gasoline) in the Eurozone, multiply the €/litre price by 4 and then convert by the Dollar/Euro exchange rate today (e.g. $1.34 on 11 Nov. 2013) to give the European price of gas at the pump.
Global graph of the Euro cost of a litre of unleaded gasoline in many countries
- Where is the USA found in gasoline cost rankings, according to its official figures for last month?
- Where are the Europeans found in the rankings?
- Why do Europeans drive smaller engined cars, and for shorter distances than Americans? 
- Why do they often take public transport? 
- Why do they often drive cars on diesel instead of gasoline?

Dr. William Moomaw, "Energy, National Security & Climate Change". Professor of International Environmental Policy, Tufts University, and, since 1992, lead author on the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Notes of Illustrated lecture to our class and to AWAC, April 6, 2010.
- How did the IPCC argue for the existence of global climate change?
- How have the data from more recent scientific observations upheld - or falsified - the IPCC's reports?

See Dates page and AWAC home page for international speaker event
 

Honors section, and volunteers: Presentations and discussion of Great Decisions 2012,
8. Gregory Treverton, "Threat assessment"[Brad & Mad]
- How can the United States address the challenges of a weak economy, homegrown terrorism and nuclear proliferation? 
- What threats and opportunities are presented by the ascendancy of China?
- What threats and opportunities are presented by regime change in the Middle East?

See also Allen & Sutton, Student Atlas
Honors section, and volunteers: developing projects and presentations

 Week 13, 18-22 Nov
Documentary films (selections may vary)
Honors section, plus any taking an upper level PSC course: for the eProject, deliverable by TurnItIn, see Dates page, Citations page and Requirements page
Note that, for readability, eProjects are now delivered to <jLewis> as well as to Turnitin. 

Great Decisions 2013, Fall Update [PDF]

PBS video, The Brothers (2011)
View in conjunction with Revolution in Cairo (also 2011)
- Are the Muslim Brotherhood a revolutionary movement - or a moderate one?
- Do the Brothers seek power generally - or as a means to the end of imposing sharia law?
- Are the Brothers compatible with liberal democracy?

PBS video, Ambush in Mogadishu [1993] Map [all]
See also Ridley Scott's fine recreation on film, Black Hawk Down, based on the excellent book by Mark Bowden.
- What were the circumstances on the ground in Somalia in 1992?
- How did non-profit International NGOs operate in Somalia?
- What was the rationale for the US sending in forces?
- Was it realism or idealism that led the US to intervene in Somalia?
- Was the mission subject to mission creep, or was expansion rationally determined?
- Was the UN the right body for the peacekeeping mission?
- Should the UN have retaliated for the attack on peacekeepers?
- Should the UN have attempted to arrest Aideed?
- Was the snatch tactic the proper one to adopt?
- Why did the 3 Oct. 1993 raid take place, and was that compatible with the diplomatic outreach to Gen. Aideed, conducted by former Preisdent Jimmy Carter and Amb. Robert Oakley?
- Was the US right to withdraw -- or should the US have doubled down on its bet?
- Is it practical to engage in two-track intervention -- or that self-defeating?
- After the "Black Hawk Down" incident, should the US have retaliated instead of withdrawing?
- If the US had stayed in Somalia, how would the country have developed since? [Dbox]

Film, CNN, Christiane Amanpour, "The War Within," on radical Muslims in the UK
- What does the Islamic radical movement seek in the UK?
- How much popular support is there for this movement in the UK?
- Is sharia law compatible with western democracy?
- Is a radical Islamic movement necessarily violent?

25-29 Nov: Thanksgiving Break
Week14, 2-6 Dec
Documentary films
Honors, briefings on research: the issue; the research question; arguments; evidence; and findings.
Victoria Krupa, Human Trafficking
Lexie Ofe, Castes
Blair Casebere, China's Growth

Film streamed in honor of Nelson Mandela's life (The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela, PBS biographical video). NEW

Students should prepare, with Atlas, for Maps exercise.

Film, PBS Frontline, Children of the Taliban
- Given the strategic partnership of the US and Pakistan since 9/11 -- and to some degree, since the Nixon administration, can the US ensure the stability of the Pakistani regime?
- What recruiting methods of the Taliban are shown in the film?
- How close have the Taliban come to the population centers of Pakistan?
- What changes do the Taliban enforce on population they control?
- What is the longterm prognosis for Pakistan, a nuclear capable nation state?

Kill/ Capture?  Inside the Secret Campaign to take out thousands of Taliban and Al Qaeda Fighters.  Film, PBS Frontline, 2011.
- In the war in Afghanistan, should the strategy have been expanded from Counter Terrorism (CT) to Counter Insurgency (COIN)? 
- Was McCrystal's strategy of raising the tempo of Special Forces' night raids justified?
- Did the strategy create more terrorists than it killed?
- Did the strategy create space for a political solution?
- What were the effects on the civilian population?
- What were the "metrics" for success?
- Does the film succeed in being objective, despite the reporters' being embedded (with the 101st Airborne in Khost province, Eastern Afghanistan)?

 Finals week: 9-13 Dec
Comprehensive Final Exam: Thurs. 12 Dec 2013 at 14:30, for two hours, in usual classroom. May include Maps exercise.