IRAQ War 2003 Index.
N. Korea 2003 Index.
World Affairs Council
Most recent articles:
Yorker article on Egyptian origins of Al Qaeda's leadership, 2 June
scholar ordered deported for downloading US gov web file on AQ, from The
Independent, May 2008
Holland, "Commission Confidential", at WashingtonDecoded.com, reports
(30 Jan. '08) Philip Shenon will report in a forthcoming book [The Commission]
that the 9/11 panel’s executive director, Philip Zelikow, engaged in “surreptitious”
communications with presidential adviser Karl Rove and other Bush administration
officials during the commission’s 20-month investigation into the 9/11
attacks. Zelikow had worked (and co-authored) with Condi Rice in
the Bush (41) NSC, and on the transition team in 2000-01 where he worked
against Richard Clarke -- yet he recused himself from only a small part
of the investigation. "Shenon’s narrative is built from extensive
interviews with staff members and several, if not all, the commissioners.
He depicts Zelikow as exploiting his central position to negate or neutralize
criticism of the Bush administration so that the White House would not
bear, in November 2004, the political burden of failing to prevent the
Commission Report outlines, revised | 9/11
Rept. Summary, revised
2007: numerous official documents emerged, but
these are best found on FAS.org site.
Official Documents, 2006:
Articles from APSA |
Report on Iraq Prewar Intelligence, Sept. 2006 (via AP)
Report to Congress on Stability and Security in Iraq, Aug. 2006 (via AP)
Research Service Report on Appropriations, April 2006 (via AP)
Strategy for Victory in Iraq, Nov. 2005 (via AP)
Iraq Intel Doubts Raised (via AP)
Survey Group: Key Findings on WMD (via AP)
Toner and Marjorie Connelly, "0/11 Polls Find Lingering Fears in New York
City, NY Times, 7 Sep. '06
Hulse and Marjorie Connelly, "Poll Shows a Shift in Opinion on Iraq War",
NY Times, 23 Aug. '06
Robinson, Men on a Mission: U.S. Special Forces are retooling for the war
on terror. Here's their plan. US News, Sunday, 3 Sep. '06
Tolson, Accepting 'The New Normal': We mourned, united, and adapted. But
five years after 9/11, we are divided once again. US News, Sunday,
3 Sep. '06
Otten, "How We Remember," Time, 8 Sep. '06 [note: a personal
memoir, less suitable for discussion]
N. Yacoub, "65 Bodies Found in Latest Iraq Bloodshed," Associated Press
via US News, 13 Sep '06. [see especially the second half comments on federalism]
Bomb plot thwarted," Daily Telegraph (UK), 10 Aug '06
Today article, July '06: Air Force Lab pulls funding from TX law school
professor (ex green beret) of policy research into new restrictions in
state laws on FOIA releases.
Army information operations in Iraq, though useful,
are not being executed well. See "Information Operations in Operations
Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom -- What Went Wrong?" by Major Joseph
L. Cox, US Army School of Advanced Military Studies, Fort Leavenworth,
May 2006 (134 pages, 3.6 MB PDF): http://www.fas.org/irp/eprint/cox.pdf
For argument against Sen. Kit Bond's '06 revival
of the US Senate bill to apply criminal penalties to disclosure of classified
information, see "Law Would Go Against Ideals of Free Society," Kansas
City Star, August 4 (free but intrusive registration required): http://www.kansascity.com/mld/kansascity/15192641.htm
Protection of civil airliners from shoulder -fired
missiles is elusive. See "Department of Homeland Security Counter-MANPADS
Program Summary, Report to Congress Detailing Phases I and II Findings
of the Counter-MANPADS Program," DHS Science and Technology Directorate,
July 31, 2006: http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/dhs/manpads.pdf
See "Airline Anti-Missile System Years Away"
by Leslie Miller, Associated Press, July 31: http://www.guardian.co.uk/uslatest/story/0,,-5985901,00.html
Extensive background on MANPADS proliferation:
New CRS REPORTS, July-Aug. '06 (thanks to Steve
"The Department of Defense Rules for Military
Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed
Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice," updated July 25,
"Hamdan v. Rumsfeld: Military Commissions in
the 'Global War on Terrorism'," July 6, 2006: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RS22466.pdf
"Military Tribunals: Historical Patterns and
Lessons," July 9, 2004: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL32458.pdf
"Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses," updated
July 31, 2006: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL32048.pdf
"Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflicts,
and U.S. Policy," updated July 25, 2006: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33530.pdf
"Lebanon," updated July 24, 2006: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33509.pdf
"European Approaches to Homeland Security and
Counterterrorism," July 24, 2006: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL33573.pdf
"China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
and Missiles: Policy Issues," updated July 17, 2006: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL31555.pdf
"Banning Fissile Material Production for Nuclear
Weapons: Prospects for a Treaty (FMCT)," July 14, 2006: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RS22474.pdf
"North Korean Ballistic Missile Threat to the
United States," updated July 6, 2006: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RS21473.pdf
"International Small Arms and Light Weapons Transfers:
U.S. Policy," updated June 27, 2006: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RS20958.pdf
Senator Christopher Bond (R-Missouri) reintroduced
legislation 2 Aug. '06 to criminalize the unauthorized disclosure of classified
information, the measure formerly sponsored by Senator Richard Shelby in
the FY 2001 Intelligence Authorization Act that was vetoed by President
Clinton in November 2000. http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/2006/08/bond080206.html
In March 2006 the ODNI issued policies to consolidate
Intelligence Community reporting of leaks and is now preparing to issue
a Community-wide directive on [unauthorized] disclosures." See (at
page 8): http://www.fas.org/irp/dni/prog072706.pdf
National security whistleblowers testified before
the House Committee on Government Reform in February '06, and the record
has been published. See "National Security Whistleblowers in the
post-9/11 Era: Lost in a Labyrinth and Facing Subtle Retaliation," February
14, 2006: http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2006_hr/whistle.html
The National Security Whistleblowers Coalition:
An interagency task force that conducted an inventory
of so-called Sensitive But Unclassified control markings recently identified
164 distinct marking systems for controlling unclassified information,
according to Grace Mastalli, who co-chaired the task force. -- FAS.org
secrecy newsletter, 2 Aug. '06
House committees would receive more information
for intellligence oversight from the Intelligence committees under a proposed
bill, the "Intelligence Oversight Act" (H.R. 5954) here: http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2006_cr/hr5954.html
"The Need to Know: Information Sharing Lessons
for Disaster Response," House Committee on Government Reform, March 30,
"Plane Clothes: Lack of Anonymity at the Federal
Air Marshal Service Compromises Aviation and National Security," House
Judiciary Committee investigative report, May 25, 2006: http://www.fas.org/sgp/congress/2006/plane.pdf
"The Terrorist Threat from Shoulder-Fired Missiles,"
House Committee on International Relations, March 30, 2006: http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2006_hr/manpads.pdf
"Report on Activities and Programs for Countering
Proliferation and NBC Terrorism, Counterproliferation Program Review Committee,"
US DOD, Volume I, Executive Summary, May 2006:
"Department of Defense Chemical and Biological
Defense Program, Annual Report to Congress," March 2006 (8.5 MB PDF): http://www.fas.org/irp/threat/cbdp2006.pdf
Nathan Thornburgh, "Gitmo. How to Fix It,"
10 July 2006, p.22, on Hamdan v Rumsfeld ruling (US Supreme Court).
Argues for the White House working with Congress (on statutory authority
for tribunals); repatriating the small fish; processing the habeas cases;
living by the Geneva rules; and lifting the veil of secrecy.
The Congressional Research Service's report on
"Protection of National Security Information," revealing the limited basis
of statutory protection for classified information, June 30, 2006, has
been posted to the FAS.org web site: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/secrecy/RL33502.pdf
US Army & US Marines' revised counterinsurgency
manual, final draft, has been posted to the FAS.org website of the Federation
of American Scientists. It emphasizes a hearts and minds campaign, strengthening
the host government's apparatus, and the paradoxes of using force.
Examples come from the US in the Philippines, the British in Northern Ireland,
T.E. Lawrence's classic works on the Arab revolt, and the pacification
program in Vietnam; examples of insurgencies include Mao's (political)
strategy, Che's foco (military) strategy, and the North Vietnamese.
Insurgents have the initiative and adapt quickly to tactics, using intimidation
and propaganda at least as much as militiary force.
See Aryn Baker, "Deadly Notes in the Night",
on the Afghan front, inside the Taliban's latest intimidation campaign,
10 July 2006, p.38.
Homeland Security Report on Bioterror weapons, 2006. [Local]
The genocide in Rwanda, 1994. Maps
Hole used FOIA to obtain documents on State Dept's 2003 Future of Iraq
project, which forecast problems ignored by military planners in actual
war; a set of official documents posted. "These documents were released
in paper format by the Department of State on 10 Feb 2006 in response to
FOIA request 200304121NEA1, filed 18 Oct 2003 by Russ Kick."
World Book Encyclopedia entry on terrorism.
Sets of links from Project on Defense Alternatives:
Terrorism, counter-terrorism, homeland security:
Defense Strategy Review: http://www.comw.org/qdr
Chinese Military Power: http://www.comw.org/cmp
Revolution in Military Affairs: http://www.comw.org/rma
Occupation Distress: http://www.comw.org/od
War Report (Iraq & Afghanistan): http://www.comw.org/warreport
PDA publications index: http://www.comw.org/pda/pub-list.html
PDA Military, War, & Peace Bookmarks:
vows to end armed campaign", excerpts,
28 July 2005
Lewis extensively quoted in newspaper
article about the London bombings.
7/7/05: Terrorist bombs exploded in London train
stations and on a double-decker bus. Hundreds were wounded, some
killed. Al Qaeda is suspected.
Paul Krugman, "The War President", excerpts of
column, NY Times, 28 June 2005. Argues media have not held W. Bush to account
for the decision to go to war.
APSA Task Force on Political Violence and Terrorism:
"[A]ims of this task force: first,
to clarify what political scientists know on the subject; and, second,
to covey this knowledge in a way that makes it accessible and useful
to the media, policy-makers, an informed public.... The scope of
the Task Force inquiry includes civil wars, riots, protest, terrorism,
guerrilla warfare, insurgency, communal and ethnic or religious violence,
genocide; and government reliance on violence or force to quell resistance
from nonstate organizations or civilian populations: in short, political
violence short of interstate warfare. We are concerned with violence that
takes place within the boundaries of a given state and with the transnational
dimensions of civil violence and terrorism."
Amitai Etzioni, "Pre-empting
Nuclear Terrorism in a New Global Order"
9/11 Commission Report on Terrorism
Official (Duelfer) Report on Weapons of Mass
Destruction Oct '04, NY
Qaeda Convention Parody, from Onion. (Thanks to Ken Garrett.)
State Dept briefs on progress
in Iraq: 29 Sep
04 weekly [PPT];
sheet (summary). [PPT]
Dunn, Michael M. "Great
Speeches/Articles on National Security Policy." Excellent list of links
to Bush security policy articles.
Report, June 2004, on The bombed
Gen. Zinni's remarks
to Marine Corps Assoc on strategic needs, Sep 2003 [PDF].
Jim Lacey, "The
Men Who Won the War" (Iraq, '03)
Robert A. PAPE, "The
Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism," American Political
Science Review, (Aug 2003) 97:343-361.
Telegraph (UK) War
on Terrorism Index. Timeline.
William M. Arkin, "Special
Ops No Model for Military" [hard vs soft path for SOF.]
speech on Iraq, to UN, 5 Feb. 2003
US Sec. State Powell, Worldwide
Caution, Feb. 2003, and
State Dept., PUBLIC DIPLOMACY ALERT, "MEDIA/OPINION
ABROAD", 10 Feb 2003.
Military briefing Feb. 2003 on suicide
bomber threat. [PPT
Unpaid Debt. Feb. 2003.
State of Union 2003
Articles on Middle east,
Iraq especially, from e-mail.
Unpopular." Dec 2002
Robert Fisk, "With
runners ..." Dec 2002
The Forum, issue contents on "Homeland
Security" (Berkeley e-Press, Dec 2002).
Info Awareness System (domestic surveillance)
Bin Laden's Message
to America, Nov 2002
DOD, After Action Report,
of Takur Ghar (PDF) (Special Forces
action in Afghan mountains
Ralph Peters, "Hobbling
DCI George Tenet, Testimony
6 Feb 2002
on Terrorism [Local Contents;
Tony Cordesman, After
Action Report (PDF)
the Line of Fire (Under Mortar
Attack), ABC News
Johnathan White, text, Chaps
on Just War
Johnson on Just
Stanford & Yale Alliance, 9/11 Links
P.M.'s Evidence against Bin Laden
& Commonwealth Office
report (link) on HC forum.
TJ's Story of SAR
Dobbs on Osama
Pages on UK Special Forces (amateur)
Johnson on military
Niva on Middle
Ansary on Afghans
Graff on Soviet
& images |
Saturday Night Live, De
Niro's terrorism briefing (Win
Media Player video file).
DoD Bombing Damage Images
(PDF, 2MB, slow) |