Outline by Patrick Dean, April 2005
Ch.11 Governance in the Era of the World Wide Web: An assessment of Organizational Openness and Government Effectiveness
Todd M. LaPorte, Chris Demchak, Christopher Weare
Comparing Governments web technologies using Website Attribute Evaluating System. (WAES)
A. Transparency (pg.159)
Ownership-- Does the agency command the site?
Contact Information-- Information available beyond webmaster
Organizational or operational information-- Does it provide information about goals and structure and other groups in the policy field?
Issue information-- Displays information about the policy issues the agency is involved with
Citizen consequences-- Indicates citizenís responsibilities and helps them comply
Summary: Transparency relates to the site as it pertains to information directly from the organization. The more the organization personally handles the site the more information that is likely to be provided to the citizens. Transparency rates websites based on the information they provide.
B. Interactivity (pg.159)
Privacy and security-- Clickable and accessible email addresses
Reachability-- To what extent a citizen can delve into the agency
Organizational or operation info-- Accessibility; Is it user-friendly?
Issue Information-- Can citizens find information not directly related to the agency?
Citizen Consequences-- User-friendly, regardless of disabilities, languages, and responsiveness
Summary: Interactivity refers to the accessibility of the sight for citizens. It rates sights based on function, easy-to-use, and click-ability.
Level of openness
National income is only weakly related to openness.
"Openness is a unique aspect of organizational behavior, not derivative of other cultural, political, or economic factors." (pg.164)
Openness directly effects quality of governance, possibly improving governmentís performance. Organizations interact and learn from environments then try to reshape their environments to their own objectives.
Well-developed web operations and systems administrators are more effective.